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It is Italy's largest and most densely populated municipality and is one of the largest capitals in Europe by size.

Rome is the city with the highest concentration of historical and architectural heritage in the world; its historical centre surrounded by the Aurelian walls bears witness to nearly three thousand years of habitation, and is the expression of the historical, artistic and cultural heritage of Western Europe. In 1980, along with the extra-territorial area of the Holy See and the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Rome is the heart of Catholic Christianity, and is the only city in the world to host a foreign state inside it - the Vatican City. For this reason, it is often defined as the capital of two states. More than 16% of world cultural sites are in Rome (70% in Italy as a whole).

With approximately 52,000 hectares of agricultural land, Rome is Europe's greenest city. In addition to the historic villas, the city also includes numerous other green areas, as well as suburban agricultural land. A total of 40,000 hectares are designated protected areas. Rome is the largest agricultural municipality in Europe, with an agricultural surface area of 517 km², nearly 40% of the total municipal area.

As well as the municipal coat of arms, symbols of the city include: the bronze statue of the wolf nursing Romulus and Remus; the Colosseum, which is the largest Roman amphitheatre, and recognised as one of the seven wonders of the modern world in 2007 (the only one in Europe); and the dome of Saint Peter's Basilica that overlooks the city and symbolises the Catholic world. During ancient times a military imperial eagle was used to symbolise the city; during the Middle Ages it was a lion, the animal that represents supremacy.

URBE: the word Urbs was used in the ancient world to indicate Rome as the "city" par excellence;
CAPUT MUNDI capital of the world.
URBE AETERNA the Eternal City

According to tradition, Rome was built on seven hills, whose names were lost over time and which historians still don't agree on. The oldest and most central part of the city is formed of the historic seven hills: the Palatine, the Aventine, the Capitoline, the Quirinal, the Viminal, the Esquiline and the Caelian Hills.

This is how the river god was called in ancient Rome, a god who was due love and respect - the image has remained the same in some respects for modern Romans. Over time, however, direct contact has been lost, although the river continues to divide the left bank, with the historic centre, from the right, which was once known as the suburbs.

A number of Italian proverbs and figures of speech mention or relate to Rome:

A Roma ci vogliono tre cose: pane, panni e pazienza.In Rome you need three things: bread, clothes and patience.
Chi Roma non vede, nulla crede. You have to see Rome to believe it.
Non importa andare a Roma per la penitenza.You don't have to go to Rome to do good.
Quando a Roma vai, fai come vedrai. When in Rome, do as the Romans.
Roma, a chi nulla in cent’anni, a chi molto in tre dì.
Roma non è stata costruita in un giorno. Rome wasn't built in a day.
Tutte le strade portano a Roma. All roads lead to Rome.
Per conoscere Roma non basta una vita. One life is not enough to know Rome.

Rome hosted the 1960 Olympic Games and is an official candidate to host the 2020 games; the finals of two football world cups organised in Italy were also held in the capital (1934 and 1990). From 18 July to 02 August 2009, the city hosted the 13th edition of the world swimming championships, and was the final stage of three Giro d'Italia competitions (1950, 1989 and 2009), as well as an NBA match during the Europe Live Tour (in 2006 and 2007). Every year during springtime, the Rome marathon is held, and is seen by some running magazines as the best city marathon in the world.

The foundation of Rome is celebrated on 21 April, the date when according to tradition Romulus founded the city (753 BC). On 21, the city celebrates with costumed processions, cultural events and games;
on 1 May, Labour Day, the trade unions organise a free concert in Piazza di Porta San Giovanni in Laterano, which attracts thousands of spectators (approx. 1,000,000 in 2008);
the Festa della Repubblica on 2 June involves a traditional military parade along Via dei Fori Imperiali, ending in Piazza Venezia at the Altare della Patria;
the Festa de Noantri is held in Trastevere on the first Saturday after 16 July to celebrate the Madonna del Carmelo.

Rome plays host to 138 foreign embassies to the Italian Republic and the Holy See, including the Italian embassy to the Holy See, the only case of an ambassador within the borders of his own country. Lastly, the capital is also home to the permanent diplomatic missions of United Nations member states at the FAO.